The US space agency NASA has ‘clearly’ confirmed that there’s water on the moon’s surface. NASA has confirmed that water molecules exist on the surface of the moon as we see it from Earth. The hope that at some point they might build a base on the moon – this discovery greatly increased him. “We already knew that there might be water within the a part of the moon where the sun shines, but now we all know that yes, there’s really water within the lunar surface,” said Paul Hertz, director of NASA’s space-physics division.
NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy – abbreviated ‘Sophia’, described the invention in a piece of writing within the science journal Nature Astronomy.
Water molecules have two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Sophia says some hydrogen has been found on the lunar surface before, but it’s not clear if it’s in the form of water.
This time, however, a volcanic water molecule called Clavius was found within the hemisphere of the moon.
How much is this water?
Casey Hannibal, a fellow at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, says their data shows that one kiloliter of lunar soil contains the equivalent of a 12-ounce bottle of water.
By comparison, the amount of water in the soil of the Sahara Desert on Earth is 100 times the amount of water in the soil of the Moon.
So the amount of water on the moon’s surface is very low – but it still raises some new questions for scientists.
They are: How is water created? How can it survive in the airless environment of the moon? Will it be possible to use this water as a resource for future astronauts?
More research is required to answer these questions, says Jacob Bleacher, another NASA scientist. Scientists have already confirmed the existence of ice within the craters at the 2 poles of the moon where sunlight never falls. Hannah Sergeant, a scientist at the Open University in Milton Keynes, UK, told the BBC that the newest findings show that the moon actually has far more water on the moon than we previously thought. As a result, the likelihood of using the moon’s water has increased tons, he says.
This water storage of the moon can be used for many purposes
Paul Hein, a professor at the University of Colorado, says there may be hundreds of billions of ice deposits on the lunar surface. So this discovery made it possible for scientists to look for these works at just one occasion.
Experts say that finding ways to extract water from the moon might be the idea of a “lunar economy”.
The BBC’s science correspondent Laura Foster says that maybe one day the water on the moon’s chest could be used for human consumption, food farming, or rocket fuel -which might be useful during a mission to a farther space.
The US space agency has previously said it’ll send male and feminine astronauts to the moon in 2024 and can be wont to steel oneself against missions to Mars in the 2030s.
In addition, rocket fuel production on the moon would be much cheaper than producing and transporting it to Earth. Hydrogen and oxygen are wont to make spacecraft fuel, and that they could also be ready to use lunar water.
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