Large quantity of the Red Planet’s mars water is trapped in its crust rather than having
No, it didn’t fly completely. There is still a lot of water on the ‘red planet’ Mars. Maybe the Red Planet has managed to hold 99 percent of its past water reserves.
Which is below the surface of Mars. Water may be inside the various minerals scattered on the back of the red planet.
Mars still holds the water, which is another name for ‘life’. Although its atmosphere has become very thin over billions of years, the Red Planet has not lost its water reserves. Saved. Surviving. For about 3 billion years.
A recent study by the US space agency NASA, gave this promising news. The study found that almost all of the Red Planet’s water had evaporated for hundreds of billions of years.
Half of the water in the Atlantic Ocean was on Mars
The study published in the international journal “Science”. Researchers examining data sent by spacecraft orbiting Mars and various landers and rovers landing on the Red Planet. They found that 30 to 99 percent of the amount of water that flowed to Mars 400 billion years ago has not yet evaporated. Some of it is frozen under the back of Mars. And half of the rest is inside the various minerals scattered on the back.
A joint study by the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) found that 400 million years ago, there was enough water on Mars.
In that amount of water, the red planet floats 100 to 1,500 meters deep in the ocean. Which is about half the current amount of water in the Earth’s the Atlantic Ocean. But after 100 million years of birth, Mars began to dry up.
At that time, the magnetic field surrounding Mars disappeared. Mars’s gravitational force is not so strong, Mars quickly begins to lose its atmosphere. The water resources of the Red Planet are starting to evaporate much more than before.
For so long, astronomers have been speculating that Mars’ water reserves have completely evaporated since its birth 300 million years ago.
The red planet has been able to hold water
“But not. Didn’t go away. Mars still holds 30 to 99 percent of its water reserves.
The theory that Mars’ water reserves have completely disappeared does not match the data sent by NASA’s various spacecraft. Because the meteorite also carries water, the amount of water that can be stored in that way was also examined on the red planet.
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Studies showed that the amount of water in the liquid, ice, and evaporated state of the red planet at different times since birth has been thoroughly examined. What is the chemical composition of the back of Mars and the atmosphere and how its amount has changed over time, has also studied.
How could Mars hold water?
There are usually two types of water. In one case, the nucleus of a hydrogen atom in a water molecule contains only one proton. This type of water is more common.
In other cases, the nucleus of a hydrogen atom in a water molecule contains a proton and a neutron. The water in the second field is called ‘deuterium water. This type of water is heavier than the hydrogen atom because it contains an extra neutron along with the proton. This amount of water is much less (0.02 percent of the total water).
“The light-weight water that has only one proton inside the hydrogen atom of the water molecule has evaporated over time, ignoring the weak gravitational force of Mars.”
But the red planet is left with heavy water (deuterium water).
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A water molecule that has a proton inside a hydrogen atom also has a neutron. We have found a large amount of deuterium in the atmosphere of Mars. This proves that the red planet has not completely lost water. “
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The ratio of deuterium to hydrogen in Mars’ atmosphere suggests that the red planet has lost some of its water reserves in billions of years, as well as much of the water contained in the ice beneath the back and the various minerals scattered on the back.
The stone mixes with the water to form soil and mud. Makes a variety of substances so that one of the ingredients is water (‘hydrated’). In this way, different minerals are born. This is how minerals are made on earth. Even on Mars.
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Bad luck of mars planet !
“But there is a difference between Mars and Earth,” said Gautam Chatterjee, a senior scientist at the JPL and a key member of the Europa mission.
In Gautam’s words, “this process is going on from top to bottom in the world. The material below has risen to the top through the volcano. But since there is no tectonic plate on Mars, its back has dried up and it is no longer wet. So a large part of Mars’ water reserves are trapped in the ice beneath its back and the minerals scattered on its back. “
Photo courtesy – NASA.
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